Manuscript Preparation Process - Journal of Health and Nursing Management | Sağlık ve Hemşirelik Yönetimi Dergisi

Manuscript Preparation Process

General Rules Regarding Broadcasting Process:

  • The manuscripts are sent through the journal's manuscript acceptance system, While uploading the manuscript, letters, cover pages, abstracts (Turkish and English), extended English abstracts, manuscript text and attachments, ethics committee approval and author contributions form should be sent to the editor as separate files.
  • There should be no names or file names, etc. that reflect the author’s identify in other files except the cover page uploaded to the system.
  • Manuscripts sent to Journal of Health and Nursing Management should not be published elsewhere before or should not be in the process of being reviewed for publication.
  • The manuscripts are initially evaluated by the editorial board in terms of the currentness of the manuscript subject, its contribution to the theories and practices of health and nursing management, and the compliance of the manuscript with the journal writing rules. Manuscripts that do not comply with Journal of Health and Nursing Management purpose and manuscript writing rules are sent back to the author from the system without any further examination.
  • The manuscripts approved by the editorial board are sent to at least two reviewers and the evaluation is expected to be completed. The corrections suggested by the reviewer, editorial board and statistical counselor must be forwarded to the author(s) and the necessary corrections must be made by the author(s) until the manuscript is finalized. The manuscripts that pass the reviewer evaluation are passed through the iThenticate plagiarism screening program and the positive ones are accepted to be published by the decision of the editor. After the approval of the author(s) over the final form of the approved manuscript, the process is completed by proceeding to the publishing stage.
  • Scientific responsibility of the manuscripts belongs to the author (s) and Journal of Health and Nursing Management editorial board can not be held responsible for scientific content.
  • The Journal of Health and Nursing Management is an open access publication and all content of the journal is offered to readers or institutions free of charge. There is no fee or any fee is paid to the authors. Readers can read, download and copy the full text of the manuscripts.
  • On the cover page, the duties and responsibilities of all authors directly involved in the writing of the manuscript and the execution of the study should be clearly stated. It should be noted that the author name can not be deleted, the ranking of the author can not be changed or the author name cannot be added without the written consent of all authors in the manuscript acceptance process.

General Rules for Preparing the Manuscript

  • Articles should be prepared according to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA) (6th edition). The word limit is 5000 for research articles which includes main text, abstract, table(s), figure(s) / graphic(s) and references. Case report and other publications should not exceed 3000 words. Number of tables, graphics and figures should be maximum five.
  • The main text should be written in Microsoft Word program, in A4 paper size, with Times New Roman font, with a margin of 2.5 cm on each side, spaced 12 points, 1.5 lines apart. The whole article should be written justified, but the title and paragraph entries should be left justified. All pages should be numbered.
  • The main headings of the manuscript should be written in bold and capital letters. The main text should include “Abstract (Turkish and English), Keywords, Extended Abstract, Introduction, Method, Results, Discussion, Conclusion and Recommendations, Acknowledgment and References” respectively. The second level titles should be written 12 font size, bold and capital letters; third and other titles should be written in 12 font size and only the first letter of the first word should be capitalized.
  • While separating decimal numbers in Turkish texts should be comma, but in English texts should be used full stop/period.
  • There should be no space between the percent (%) sign and numbers. The percent sign should be written before the number in Turkish articles, but after the number in English articles.
  • If the number of samples is to be given while writing the findings it should be shown as (70.2%; n: 58 or s: 58).
  • There should be no spaces before and after the word in places where ( ), “” and / signs are used.
  • Number or letter should not be used for classification of headings in the text, “·” should be used as bullet point.
  • Abbreviation should not be used in title or abstract. Abbreviations should be used less as possible. If an abbreviation is used in the text, its full name should be written where it was first used.
  • Passive tense should be used in manuscript writing. Also, you should write “in this research” instead of “our research” and “in Turkey” instead of  “in our country”. The manuscript should be written using an academic language, it should not use general jurisdiction in the introduction (such as it is true or it is certain).
  • Numbers below 10 in the text should be indicated by writing instead of numbers. In addition, the first, second and third classifications used in the text should be indicated by writing instead of numbers.
  • The main text must not include author(s) name.

The author(s) should state on this file the purpose of their manuscript and its relevance to the journal, stating that they have not sent it to another journal.

If the article was presented at any scientific event, the name of the event, the place, the year, the way it was presented (oral or poster presentation) or, if it was produced from a thesis or dissertation, which university, program, year and so forth, detailed information should be write.

In addition, it is necessary to specify information such as private (mobile) phone and private e-mail in order to reach the communicating author more easily.

Title page should be prepared as a separate file from the main text. Title page should be include all authors information.

The title page should include a full and short title, these titles should be given in Turkish and English. The short title of the article should not exceed eight words.

Author(s) information should include the following:

  • Name and surname of the author(s), titles, institution name and address.
  • ORCID numbers of all authors,
  • Detailed informations of the correspondence author (such as name and surname, work and private mobile phone, fax number, e-mail and correspondence address),
  • If the study was previously presented in a scientific event or if the study is produced from thesis or dissertation, it should be indicated with the sign (*) after study title in the title page. Detail information should be written as foloows:
    *the name of the scientific event, place (city and country) and date of the event.
    *the name of the university, the name of the institute, graduation year, master's or doctoral thesis.
  • The last cheklist should be used to control title and author(s) information.

The original research article should be a research that presents original and important scientific results on topics that are suitable for the scope of the journal. Research articles should consist of the Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Method, Results, Discussion, Conclusion and Recommendations and References headings and should not exceed 5,000 words.

“Cover letter, Title Page, Abstract and Key words (Turkish and English), Extended Abstract (only Turkish manuscript), Manuscript (including Abstract (Turkish and English), Keywords, Introduction, Results, Discussion, Conclusion and Recommendations, References, Table(s), Figure(s))” should be uploaded to the online journal system in separate files.  Addionally, the Author Contributions Form and the Decision of the Ethics Committee is submitted to the journal.

Turkish and English abstracts should be on separate pages. Turkish and English abstracts should be maximum 200 words. The Turkish abstract of the article should include the titles of “Amaç, Gereç ve Yöntemler, Bulgular, and Sonuç”; the English abstract should include the titles of "Aim, Method, Results, Conclusion".There should be 3-6 keywords in Turkish and English at the end of the abstract section. No references or abbreviations should be specified in the abstract.

Since the abstract section is the most prominent part of an article in many electronic databases, the author(s) should indicate the key findings and importance of the research in this section.

Key words
In Turkish and English abstracts, there should be minimum 3 and maximum 6 key words. Only the first keyword must begin with a capital letter, and keywords must be separated by comma.

The terms in the Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) of Index Medicus should be used as keywords. Turkish key words "Turkey Science Terms" what should be appropriate and URL address “”.

Extended Abstract
For Turkish articles, an extended abstract in English should be prepared by the authors. Extended Abstract, which is limited to 600-800 words, should be created by considering the titles mentioned in the preparation of the article, and should be structured after the abstract and key words and before the main text of the article.

Introduction: In this section, the scientific thoughts on which the article is based should be clearly stated, the importance of the subject, its development and the studies done to date should be mentioned, the problem put forward should be related to health and nursing management, the knowledge gap and the main rationale of the study should be clearly stated. In this section, attention should be paid to the use of current and directly related references.

In this section, the information that was considered during the planning of the study should be included, the results obtained from the study should be explained in the findings section. In the method section, the following titles should be specified and explanations regarding these titles should be included.

Purpose of the Study: The purpose of the study should be clearly stated.
Type of the Study: Should be explained
Research Question / Hypothesis: Research question or questions should be specified in accordance with the purpose of the research.
Place and Characteristics of the Research: The characteristics of the regions or institutions where the research is conducted should be explained.
The Universe and Sample of the Study: The general and study universe of the research should be defined, how the sample was chosen from the universe, which method was used, and how the sample size was calculated. In addition, criteria for inclusion or exclusion should be clearly stated in the selection of participants.
Data Collection Tool (s): Each of the data collection tools used in the research should be introduced separately and validity-reliability information should be included.
Data Collection: It should be explained how research data was collected and how this process took place
Data Analysis: The statistical methods used in the analysis of research data should be specified in detail in which the reader can evaluate the reported results. Resources related to the study design and statistical method should be indicated when necessary. Statistical terms, abbreviations and symbols should be defined and the computer program which is used in data analyzing should be indicated.
Ethical Aspect of the Research: According to the type of the study, information related to the 'Ethics Committee Permission Document' (institution, date and number of the document) should be specified and an ethical approval document should be sent as a separate file from the journal system. Ethics committee permission document must be uploaded for the research manuscripts. Information regarding the “Institutional permission” and “Informed Consent' should also be included in this section.
Limitations of the Study: The limitations of the study should be stated, these limitations should be discussed in the discussion, and suggestions should be made.

Findings: The findings should be presented in a complete and systematic way in response to research questions, supported by statistical data. In the findings, the place where the table or figure will be given must be specified before making the necessary explanations about that table/figure. In explaining the tables-figures, all data should not be handled, data on important points should be emphasized, and attention should be paid not to use the comment expression. Tables and figures in the findings should be numbered in accordance with the spelling rules and placed after the sources.

While writing Cronbach Alpha (a), correlation coefficients (r) and p values, “0” should not be written before the point, p values ??should be three digits, Factor loads, Alpha and r values ??should be two digits (such as r = .34, p = .001).

In findings, data that unimportant and disrupts the flow should be given in the appendix.

Discussion: In the discussion section, attention should be given to comparing and explaining the differences with similar studies in the field paper in a way that answers the research questions or by presenting the findings that support/do not support the hypothesis in a systematic manner. This section should not include sub-headings.  Subheadings should not be included in this section. In addition, care should be taken not to repeat the findings, information specified in the introduction and conclusion section in this section.

In qualitative studies, findings and discussion section can be given together.

Conclusion and Suggestions: In this section, the importance of the main findings obtained from the research should be emphasized and inference should be made in relation to the purpose of the study. Care should be taken not to repeat the findings.

The contribution of the results obtained from the study to the application area should be explained and suggestions should be developed based on the findings obtained. The contribution of research results to health and nursing management practices, innovation in practice and academic field in line with research findings should also be mentioned, and inferences about future studies should be made.

Meta-analysis is considered as a method that includes combining the results of multiple studies and statistical analysis of the research findings obtained, in order to provide the highest level of evidence for the effectiveness of interventions related to health and nursing management. Meta-analysis study may be performed for both experimental and quantitative research. Meta-analysis articles to be sent to JHNM should be prepared with the titles similar to research articles and uploaded to the system.

Systematic review is a kind of secondary research study that provides the best evidence for related disciplines and especially the field of application, as in the meta-analysis approach. In order for a review article to be defined systematically, the processes to be compiled must be determined, selected, and the synthesis of the study data must be followed. Systematic reviews that will be sent to JHNM should be prepared with the titles similar to research articles and uploaded to the system.

Review articles are handled as articles where experts with accumulation in that field identify, evaluate and discuss information on that topic, make inferences about the future, and guide. Reviews to be sent to JHNM should not exceed 3000 words, including the Abstract (should be structured as desired in the research paper) and Keywords (Turkish and English), Extended Summary, Introduction, Text, Conclusion and Suggestions, References sections to be created in the subtitles determined by the author(s).

Subtitles except the introduction and conclusion are created by the author (s) in the review article in accordance with the content of the subject. The titles should be shown systematically as stated in the general rules section without using the numbered system.

In the introduction part, the purpose of the article and the scientific thoughts on which it is based should be clearly stated; set forth in nursing management and health problems in Turkey and the world should be linked to relevant scientific literature. Subtitles in the text should be arranged in detail and content that will meet the purpose and scope of the article. References should be relevant and current.

While writing the titles related to the subject in compiled articles, care should be taken to write them as shown below.
Theses in Nursing Management in Turkey

  • Evaluation of Doctoral Theses
    • Separations made according to their methods
      • Quantitative methods
      • Qualitative methods
    • Distinctions made according to their approach
  • Evaluation of Master Theses
    • Separations made according to their methods

The case report should be handled in such a way as to report specific cases / cases on issues covered by the journal. The manuscripts should not exceed 3000 words including Essence (without the titles mentioned in the research article) and Keywords (Turkish and English), Extended Summary, Introduction, Case Presentation, Discussion and Conclusion, References. In the introduction part, the place and importance of the subject in health and nursing management applications should be mentioned. Here, all the necessary details of the case should be handled in a way that reveals the problem and enables the reader to think and the ethical aspect of the case presentation should be explained. Tables and explanatory information about the case can be included. In the discussion section, the answers to the questions given in the case should be sought, and in the conclusion and suggestions section, inferences about the case should be made that would contribute to the application.

Letters to the editor are articles that provide short and clear views, and can be written about the articles previously published in JHNM or about the views expressed in the journal. These articles should not exceed 500 words and should be handled in accordance with ethical rules. The response to the letter should be published by the editor or the author (s) of the article, again in the journal. Care should be taken that these articles are not included in the content of the article, which provides a preliminary opinion, which may later require proof of validity with a new article.

The tables effectively shorten the length of the study by showing the research data effectively and providing it with all the desired level of detail. Each table should be prepared on a separate page, numbered according to the order in the article, with a short title to each. Table titles should be given on the table, the first letters of the words should be capital and bold.
(Example: Table 1. Working conditions of nurses (N: 200)
                Table 3. Comparing student satisfaction with personal variables (N: 149)).
A subtitle should be given to each column. Authors should make explanations in footnotes, not in the title. Explanations under the tables in the findings (as if more than one option has been marked) should be shown with 10 font size. All non-standard abbreviations should be explained in footnotes. Statistical measurements of variation, such as standard deviation or standard error, should be specified in the columns. Although the tables are given after the references, it should be stated where they will be included in the text of the article. If data from another published or unpublished source is used, permission should be obtained and written down in full under the table. The sources under the table should be shown in 10 font size. For example;

Source: Yıldız, S. (2010). Management Principles. Akın Publishing, Ankara, p.56.

The titles of all figures and graphics should be written as stated below and numbered according to the order of use in the text, should be given after the sources, but the places to be used in the text should be shown.

Figures or graphics should be professionally drawn and photographed or digitally submitted in photo quality. Shapes should be sent in electronic formats such as digital format, JPEG or saved GIF in formats that will create high resolution images and authors should check the image quality of these files on the computer screen before posting and they should pay attention to the resolution of 300 dpi. If a human photograph will be used, they should not be recognized in the photograph or written permission should be obtained (See the Ethics section).

If a previously published form will be used in the article, permission must be obtained from the author who holds the right to publish. It should also be shown below the figure or graphic in the article. Figure / graphic titles should be given under the figures / graphics, the first letters of the words should be capitalized and written in bold (Example: Figure 1: System Approach in Management).
References below the figures and graphics should be written in 10 font size.
Figure 1. Authentic leadership and follower relations
Sources should be shown like that:
Source: It was prepared by adapting Avolio et al., 2004; American Intensive Care Nurses Association, 2005; Gardner et al., 2005 studies. Or
Source: Yıldız, S. (2010). Management principles. Akın Publishing, Ankara, p.56.

In the articles sent to the journal, standard abbreviations should be used as non-standard abbreviations can be very confusing for the reader. Abbreviation should not be used in the title and abstract section. Unless there is a standard unit of measurement, the long version of the abbreviations should be clearly stated in their first use, and the abbreviated version should be given in parentheses. Acronyms must act in line with international standards.

At the end of the article, it should be included before the references. In this section, expressions of thanks are given to those who contributed to the study for reasons such as personal, technical and material assistance.


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